Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
AMD is a vision disease that causes vision loss. Vision problems can turn ordinary pursuits such as driving or reading into impossible tasks. It is important to note that vision loss problems may manifest themselves not just from AMD but others as well. NEI reports that nearly 20 million people in the United States are living with some form of age-related macular degeneration. In Americans, 60 years of age and older, macular degeneration is a leading cause of vision loss. Therefore, it is important to note that advanced age-related macular degeneration is a leading cause of irreversible blindness and visual impairment in the world. In the United States alone approximately 20 million people are living with some form of age-related macular degeneration.
Damage to sensitive components of the eye, congenital abnormalities in the shape of the eye, or age-related changes can all contribute to vision loss. Since vision loss can be a gradual process, regular eye exams and vision screenings should be a part of every individual’s personal wellness routine. Macular degeneration causes loss in the center of the field of vision. In dry macular degeneration, the center of the retina deteriorates. With wet macular degeneration, leaky blood vessels grow under the retina.
The global cost for direct health care costs.is approximately $255 billion and $343 billion for age-related macular degeneration. The CDC projection for vision impairment shows that the largest components of costs were medical costs ($53.5 billion), nursing home costs ($41.8 billion), and reduced labor force participation ($16.2 billion). Vision loss and blindness, nationally, cost an average of $16,838 annually per person.
What You Should Know About Unclear Vision
Blurry vision is very common and therefore it is a problem with any of the components of your eye such as the cornea, retina, or optic nerve. All can contribute to sudden blurry vision. Slowly progressive blurred vision is usually caused by long-term medical conditions. Sudden blurring is most often caused by a single even blurry vision and may be caused by a wide range of issues, ranging from dry eyes and eye strain to congenital or acquired focusing problems. Chronically dry eyes may make the visual field appear blurry, as well as a refractive error in the cornea or lens known as astigmatism. In some cases, patients recovering from eye surgery may experience blurry vision.
Factors That Foster AMD
- Age (Over 60 Years Old)
- Family History of AMD
Healthy Eating To Reduce The Risk Of Vision Loss (CDC)
- Fresh Fruit Daily
- Lutein – Spinach
- Swiss Chard
- Mustard Greens
- Red Peppers and Guava.
- Zeaxanthin – orange sweet peppers
- Turnip Greens,
- Collard Greens
- Dark Leafy Greens
The CDC also reported you should stop smoking if are, or never start, begin and maintain a healthy lifestyle, and lower cholesterol levels can help reduce the risk for AMD. This lifestyle can also help prevent the dry form of the disease from progressing to the wet form which can cause permanent vision loss.
Reasons You May Have An Unclear Vision And Vision Loss ( Source: Healthline.com).
A retina tear is usually an indication of a loose retina. When this occurs the retina tears away from the back of the eye and loses its blood and nerve supply. When it happens you will see flashing lights and black flecks, and then an area of absent vision. Without emergency treatment, vision in that area may be permanently lost.
Blurry or no vision in both eyes can occur when you have a stroke, and the stroke affects the part of your brain that controls vision. A stroke involving your eye may cause unclear or no vision in only one eye. You may suffer from other symptoms of a stroke, such as weakness on one side of your body or the inability to speak.
Transient Ischemic Attack
A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a stroke that lasts less than 24 hours. One of its symptoms can be unclear vision in one or both eyes.
Wet Macular Degeneration
The center of your retina is the macula. Abnormal vessels may grow, therefore allowing blood and other fluid to leak into the macula. This is known as wet macular degeneration. It causes blurriness and vision loss in the center part of your visual field. Unlike dry macular degeneration, this type can begin suddenly and progress rapidly.
Angle-closure glaucoma occurs when the drainage system within the eye when there is no clear passage. The pressure inside the eye can increase very quickly, therefore, causing redness, pain, and nausea.
This is a medical emergency and requires treatments with eyedrops to open the angle, decrease the pressure, and decrease the inflammation. Many times a laser procedure, laser iridotomy, may be necessary.
Eye strain can occur after looking at and focusing on something for a long time without a break. When it’s the result of focusing on an electronic device like a computer or cellphone, it’s sometimes a digital eye strain. Other causes include reading and driving, especially at night and in poor weather.
Conjunctivitis is also known as pink eye, and It is an infection of the outside lining of your eye. It usually occurs due to a virus but can also be bacteria or allergies.
Your cornea is the clear covering on the front of your eye. A scratch or scar can turn into a corneal abrasion. In addition to blurry vision, you may feel like there’s something in your eye.
High Blood Sugar
Very high blood sugar levels cause the lens of your eye to swell, therefore resulting in unclear vision.
Dark red blood pools inside the front of your eyeball are known as hyphema. This results from bleeding that occurs after there is an injury to the eye. It can become painful if it increases the pressure inside your eye.
The iris is part of your eye with the color. It occurs when an autoimmune reaction or an infection causes the iris to inflame. It occurs by itself or as part of an autoimmune condition, such as rheumatoid arthritis or sarcoidosis. Infections like herpes. It can be painful and cause sensitivity to light, photophobia.
Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea and occurs due to an infection. Using one pair of contacts for too long or reusing dirty contacts increases your risk for Keratitis.
The macula is the center of your retina that is responsible for your central vision. It can develop a tear or break which causes blurry vision. It usually only affects one eye.
Migraine With Aura
Often migraine attacks occur by an aura, which can cause unclear vision. You may also see wavy lines or flashing lights and have other sensory disturbances. Sometimes you may have an aura without head pain.
The optic nerve connects your eye and your brain. Optic neuritis is inflammation of the optic nerve and occurs due to an autoimmune reaction or early multiple sclerosis. Other causes are autoimmune conditions, such as lupus or an infection. Most often, it affects only one eye.
Temporal arteritis is inflammation occurring in medium-sized arteries. The vessels around your temples can cause a throbbing headache in your forehead. It can also cause your vision to blur or disappear.
The uvea is a collection of colorful structures in the eye including the iris. An infection or autoimmune reaction can cause it to become inflamed and painful, which is called uveitis.
Please contact us immediately if you are experiencing any of these conditions. Make your eyes your Valentine.